Workers Compensation 2022 Midyear Outlook
Unlike other forms of coverage, the workers’ compensation insurance market has stayed resilient in recent years. According to the National Council on Compensation Insurance (NCCI), workers compensation insurance experienced its eighth consecutive year of underwriting profit for insurance carriers. Additionally, industry data confirmed workers’ compensation coverage was the only major commercial line of business to generate a negative average rate change in the first quarter of 2022 at -1.23%.
Although the COVID-19 pandemic contributed to some fluctuations in the number of workers’ compensation claims and associated costs, insurance experts predict claim frequency will continually decline while claim severity will see moderate changes—thus maintaining the market’s robust reserves. Looking ahead, the workers compensation insurance market should remain stable, with most policyholders experiencing rate decreases and others seeing minimal rate increases.
Developments and Trends to Watch
Labor shifts—Over the past year, many employees have begun leaving their jobs in search of positions that offer greater work-life balance, flexibility and benefits, coining a new employment trend known as the “Great Reshuffle.” This trend has led to a rise in short-tenured employees and increased labor shifts between industries. Such changes bring several workers’ compensation implications. According to the NCCI, short-tenured employees have significantly higher injury frequency rates than their long-tenured counterparts, potentially contributing to additional workers’ compensation claims—especially in the construction, manufacturing and wholesale trade sectors.
Wage inflation issues—In efforts to attract and retain employees amid the Great Reshuffle, many businesses have increased their workers’ pay. Although this trend is happening across industry lines, it has been most prevalent in sectors with a large proportion of lower-wage positions (e.g., leisure and hospitality). Because payroll is leveraged as an exposure base to calculate workers’ compensation premiums, wage inflation could prompt increased premium cost. Higher wages could also impact the cost of injury claims and the benefit levels provided to injured employees.
Gig economy challenges—Gig workers are individuals who work on demand and at will by performing short-term jobs or tasks for multiple clients. As the gig economy expands, businesses that utilize such workers have encountered various challenges. In particular, some states have developed legislation regarding whether gig workers should be classified as employees or independent contractors. Making this distinction is critical, as it determines the workers’ compensation benefits each type of worker is entitled to. Generally, an employee would be protected by a business’s workers’ compensation program and receive certain benefits following a job-related illness or injury (e.g., covered treatment costs, reimbursement for lost wages and return-to-work resources), whereas an independent contractor would not.
Tips for Insurance Buyers
• Implement occupational safety and health programs to address common risks in the workplace. Ensure all employees receive proper safety training.
• Develop an effective return-to-work program that adequately supports employees in the processes of healing from work-related illnesses or injuries and resuming job duties.
• Establish workplace wellness initiatives aimed at preventing or treating chronic health conditions and improving the overall well-being of staff.